Stretching exercises are designed to stretch, lengthen and expand muscles and joints. They should be executed properly and they are personalized to the needs of every athlete or trainee. Let’s see together the three types of stretching:
Static stretching is when we bring the muscle or muscle group in a particular position to encourage lengthening or “stretching” and maintain that position for a few seconds. The stretching can be subcategorized in active and passive, where in active, the trainees cause the elongation while in the passive, the exercise is done with the help of a coach. Static stretching exercises are considered suitable for rehabilitation, their application is recommended after the workout.
Ballistic or Dynamic Stretching
In this type of stretching, the lengthening of the muscle or a muscle group is accomplished with movement. The stretching can be done throughout the orbit range either with rhythmic movements to extremes at points of the stomach or sudden movements in the normal range of dilatation. The execution is done with rhythmic and repetitive movements. It is the best kind of stretching to warm up before a workout.
P.N.F. Stretching ( Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation)
Stretching P.N.F. include active contraction of the muscle before the dilatation. It is a quite complex way of stretching and it can be performed correctly with outside help from a skilled perhttp://Effect of stretching on prevention of injuriesson (physiotherapist). This type of stretching is used in rehabilitation of injuries within a physiotherapy program.
Learn about the effect of stretching on prevention of injuries here
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